Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A. Korea Mission.
Records, 1940-1982
Finding Aid to Record Group 197
7.00 cu. ft.

Presbyterian Historical Society
425 Lombard St.
Philadelphia, PA 19147-1516

ADMINISTRATIVE HISTORY

Presbyterian work in Korea commenced in 1884 when Dr. and Mrs. Horace Allen of the Shanghai station were transferred to Korea, then referred to as Chosen. Early mission work centered in Seoul and Pyengyang, and eventually nine stations were established. The others included: Taiku (1899); Syenchyuin (1901); Chairyng (1906); Chungju (1908); Kangkai (1908); Andong (1910); and Hingkin in Manchuria (1918). Mission work in Korea was done in cooperation with several other denominations that included the Methodist; Southern, Canadian, and Australian Presbyterian; Baptist; Anglican; and Methodist Episcopal churches. The Presbyterians and Methodists constituted the two largest groups operative in Korea. The first Protestant Church was organized in 1887 in Seoul. In 1907, all four Presbyterian groups established the Union Presbyterian Church of Korea.

Medical work played a prominent role in the Presbyterian Church's missionary efforts in Korea. A hospital was established in Pyengyang in 1896 in conjunction with the Methodists. In 1885, Dr. Horace Allen founded the Royal Korean Hospital in Seoul that eventually became the Severance Union Hospital, Medical College and Nurses Training School. The Church's educational work commenced rather late and was complicated by a variety of difficulties, one of which was language. Primary schools, academies for boys and girls, a theological seminary and several colleges (in Seoul and Pyengyang eventually were developed. The theological seminary in Seoul was operated in cooperation with the Methodists and represented only one example of denominational cooperation. Others included the Pierson Memorial Bible School, the Christian Literature Society and the Union Language School.

Mission work in Korea was complicated by several factors not common to others missions. The presence of the Japanese after 1910 until 1945, for example, did much to undermine the work of the missionaries, especially during the 1930s. The Shrine Issue, for instance, though superficially a patriotic concern, reduced the role of the Church in Korea to the will of the Japanese Emperor. The divisiveness that it caused was clearly manifested both before and after the Second World War. Likewise, the Korean War caused a period of retrenchment for the Church.

SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE

Record Group 197 documents the PCUSA's work in the Korean mission field, 1940-1982. The bulk of the collection dates from 1950.


Included are primarily reports and correspondence that reflect field representatives and missionaries views regarding Church policy in the area of education, medicine and evangelism. Areas of special note include the Seung Dong and Yun Dong Church controversy, the Pang family tragedy, and issues related to Church property.


Record Group 197 is arranged as follows:

Series I: Correspondence, 1948-1982, boxes 1-5

Includes, field representatives correspondence, 1950-1979; correspondence
to missionaries, 1955-1981; and miscellaneous correspondence by subject,
arranged alphabetically, 1948-1982.

Series II: Reports, 1940-1982, boxes 5-6

Includes annual reports, 1955-1981; educational reports arranged
alphabetically, 1940-1980; medical institution reports, 1966-1977
and reports by subject, arranged alphabetically 1950-1981

Series III: Minutes, 1955-1981, box 7

Includes university minutes, 1955-1956; Korean Church minutes 1955-1981; and miscellaneous minutes.

Series IV: Miscellany, 1948-1980, box 7

Includes by laws, rules, constitutions of organizations, photographs, newspaper
clippings, and other miscellaneous items.

Finding aid prepared: 1985
William M. Grace, archival intern

Box	Folder	Description
1 	1 	Finding Aid to Record Group 197

		Series I: Correspondence, 1948-1982

	2-3 	Field Representative Correspondence, 1950-51
	4-20                                      			  1953-61

2 	1-15                                      1961-68

3 	1-14                                      1969-75

4 	1-4                                        1976-79
	5 	Correspondence of Missionaries, 1955-1957
	6                                    		      1963-1969
	7                                    		      1970-1974
	8                                    		      1976-1977
	9                                    		      1977-1981
	10 	Edward Adams Trial--Taegu Presbytery, 1959
	11 	Asian Center for Theological Studies, 1975-1978
	12 	Berkan Scholarship Fund, 1966
	13 	Bible Institutes, 1959-1974
	14 	Christian Relief Fund, 1953-1955
	15 	Church Controversy: Seung Dong & Yun Dong, 1959-1960
	16 	Commission Representative, 1958
	17 	Committee of Fifteen, 1959-1961
	18 	Eclair Foundation, 1966-1972
	19 	General Assembly Joint Committee, 1950-1952
	20 	General Assembly Five Year Plan (Integration Correspondence), 1950s
	21 	Hantook Group, 1955-1957
	22 	Hospital, 1965-1980
	23 	Keimung College, Taegu, 1954-1973
	24 	Keimung University, 1974-1980
	25 	Kihan Yi Problem, 1967
	26 	Korean Capital Grants, 1964-1971
	27 	Korean Missions Logistics, 1970s
	28 	Korean Presbyterian Church Reunion Effort, 1967-1968
	29 	Korean Presbyterian Seminary, 1960-1981
	30 	McIntyre-Hamilton Case, 1952-1954
	31 	Missionary, 1976
	32 	Missionary (William Basingers), 1972-1982
	33 	Missionary (Barbara & Paul Kingsbury), 1965-1981
	34 	Samuel Moffett Memorial Hall, 1972-1974
	35 	National Association of Evangelism, 1954 & 1959
	36 	Pang Family Tragedy, 1954
	37 	Property Correspondence, 1953-1955

5    	1-2                           		       1964-1968
     	3 	Secondary Schools Correspondence, 1950-1979
	4                     Keum Sung & Chang Sin, 1966-1981
	5                     Kyung An, 1970-1976
	6                     Soong Evi, 1950-1970
5	7                     Sinmyung School & Taegu, 1950-1980
	8                     Soongsi High School, 1948-1954
	9                     Taikwang, Yung Kwang & Kyung Sin, 1950-1973
	10 	Severance Hospital, 1980
	11 	Soongjun University, 1954-1980
	12 	Taegu Hospital, 1962-1972
	13                                  1974-1981
	14 	Taegu Keisung Land Question, 1961-1963
	15 	Three Board Consultation, 1964
	16 	Seoul Women's College, 1956-1982
	17 	Yonsei University, 1956-1981
	18 	Miscellaneous, 1948-1978

		Series II: Reports, 1940-1982

   	19-44  Annual Personal Reports, 1955-1981

6 	1 	Academic Plans & Proposals, 1976-1977
	2 	Bible Institutes, Reports, Etc, 1940s-1970s
	3 	Education Questionnaires
	4 	Four College Study, 1968
	5 	Keimyung University Reports, 1950-1978
	6 	Korean Presbyterian Seminary Reports, 1969-1980
	7 	Seoul Korean Women's College Reports, 1960s-1970s
	8 	Secondary School Reports--Keumsung, Chang Sin, 1965-73
	9                              			Kyung An, 1960-1974
	10					Taegu's Simnyung
	11					Soong Eui, 1948-1960
	12		       		      	Soongsil
   	13-14				          	Taikwang, Yungkwang & Kyung 
	15 	Miscellaneous Educational Reports, 1950s
	16 	Soongjun University Reports, 1954-1980
	17 	Soongjun University
	18 	Merger of Chosen Union with Severance Union, 1956
	19 	Yonsei University (Agricultural Plans & Master Plan)
	20 	Yonsei University Reports, 1957-1977
	21 	Miscellaneous Educational Reports
	22 	Taegu Hospital Reports and Miscellaneous
	23 	Taegu Hospital Reports
	24 	Hospital Reports and Miscellaneous
	25 	Berkan Scholarship Fund Reports, 1966-1978
	26 	Board of Foreign Missions Reports, 1951
	27 	Eclair Foundation Reports, 1965-1971
	28 	Five Year Report, 1956-1960
	29 	General Assembly Five Year Plan (Integration Reports), 1950s
	30 	General Assembly Joint committee Reports
	31 	Korean Capital Grant Reports, 1964-1969
	32 	Korean Church Reunion Effort, 1967-1968
	33 	Korean Community Development, News, Addresses, Surveys, 1958
	34 	McIntyre-Hamilton Case, 1950-1954
	35 	Missionaries, Basinger & Miscellaneous Reports, 1950-1982
6	36 	Missionary Dorothy Compton, 1976
	37 	Missionaries Paul & Barbara Kingsbury, 1964-1982
	38 	Missionary Joan Underwood, 1976
	39 	Samuel Moffett Memorial Hall, 1972-1974
	40 	Property Reports, 1962-1968
	41 	Property Reports Taegu Keisung Land Question), 1960s
	42 	Property Reports, 1950-1955
	43 	Representative in Korea Reports, 1964-1981
	44 	Welfare Agency Reports, 1950s
   	45-46 	Miscellaneous Reports, 1949-1979

		Series III: Minutes, 1955-1981

7 	1 	Chosen University Minutes, 1955-1958
	2 	HOSEB Minutes, Missions Conference Notes, 1955-1958
	3 	Korean Church Missions Minutes, 1959-1963
	4					        1964-1965
	5    	Korean Church  Missions Minutes, 1966-1967
	6	                                 		         1968-1969			       
	7 	Korean Mission Logistics Minutes, 1970s
	8 	Korean Church Mission Minutes, 1970-1972
	9 					      1973-1974				
	10					      1975-1981
	11 	Miscellaneous Minutes

		
		Series IV: Miscellany 1948-1980

	12 	Inter-Mission General Assembly Conference & Constitution, 1957
	13 	Constitution & Laws in Korean Missions Organizations, 1948
	14 	Missions Rules, 1960-1978
	15 	Rules and By-Laws Missionary Fellowship, 1950-1960
	16					 	           1959-1966
	17 	Constitution & By-Laws in Korean Missions Organizations
	18 	Berkan/Eclair Foundations, 1975
	19 	News clippings (Hantook Group), 1955
	20 	News clippings (Keimung College, etc., 1970s
	21 	Keimung University, 1975-1976
	22 	Korean General Assembly Center Photographs
	23 	Korean Presbyterian Seminary
	24 	Samuel Moffett Memorial Hall Photographs, Etc, 1972-1974
	25 	N.A.E. News clippings, 1960s
	26 	Secondary Schools (Kyung An)
	27 	Soongjun University, 1954-1980
	28 	Stanton, Roger Wilson--Photographs, Report, 1953-1954
	29 	Seoul Woman's College
	30 	Yonsei University
	31 	New clippings, 1965
	32 	Miscellaneous News clippings and Photographs, n.d.
	33 	Miscellaneous speeches, Addresses, 1974-77
	34 	Korean Churches, 1969