Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A. Board of National Missions War Services Unit
Records, 1941-1950 (bulk, 1941-1948)
Finding Aid to Record Group 301.6
7.50 cu.ft.

Presbyterian Historical Society
425 Lombard St.
Philadelphia, PA 19147-1516

ADMINISTRATIVE HISTORY

The 1941 General Assembly (PCUSA) assigned responsibility for ministry to "War Industry Communities" to the Board of National Missions. The term "War Industry Communities" covered all critical problems in the home field within the general scope of National Missions except those having to do with service to US military forces, to refugees, or to prisoners of war. This mission work extended to include Puerto Rico and Cuba.

The BNM created a special War Services Unit. A.L. Roberts, Assistant Secretary of Rural Church Work, was placed in charge of this unit; assisting him was Thomas B. Foster. The Unit operated under the supervision of Administrative Secretary Hermann N. Morse.

The Unit worked with the Board of Christian Education and the Committee on Camp and Church Activities as well as with interdenominational agencies such as the Home Missions Council of North America. Its primary concern was to minister to the massive numbers of Americans who had left their homes and churches to find work in the newly created industrial defense areas. BNM field workers established Sunday schools, built churches, and organized parishes. Temporary housing areas such as trailer parks were served by a "wayside chapel"--a missionary drove from place to place in a bus and conducted services along his route.

Since War Service work was national in scope, it had to be administered locally to some extent. Roberts and Foster worked with five contacts at the synod level: Jacob A. Long, J. Earl Jackman, Henry S. Randolph, A.B. McCoy, and E.A. Odell. All five were departmental secretaries in the BNM, Jackman in the Department of Missionary Support and the other four men in the Department of Missionary Operation. These men made recommendations for continuation of grants and employment of field personnel.

Upon the end of the war in 1945, the Unit's focus shifted towards helping the population to readjust to peacetime conditions. On June 1, 1946, drastic budget cuts went into effect in the Unit. Most of its funds from that point on were expended on projects which were to be permanent work done by regular national missionaries. In the course of the next two years all such projects were absorbed into various permanent departments of the BNM.

SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE

Record Group 301.6 comprises the files of the War Services Unit from 1941-1948, with one report on postwar planning from 1950. It includes administrative files, field correspondence and
reports, and photographs. The administrative files include a good deal of material on the Home Missions Council of North America and on the Christian Commission for Camp and Defense Communities, organizations which sponsored interdenominational projects. The PCUSA was active in both institutions. The field correspondence and reports provide details on war service work all over the country. The photographs were sent in by the field workers and provide a visual supplement to their letters and reports. The collection is arranged as follows:

SERIES 1: ADMINISTRATIVE FILES, 1941-47, 1950

SERIES 2: FIELD CORRESPONDENCE AND REPORTS, 1941-48

SERIES 3: PHOTOGRAPHS, 1941-47
Oversize Photographs/Posters
8 x 10 Photographs/Illustrated Reports
Small Photographs

NOTES TO THE RESEARCHER

The articles written by the War Service Unit for publicity purposes (Box 2 Folders 19-21) are especially worthwhile, as they are excepts from narrative field reports which have in large measure not survived. Such reports provided a wealth of detail about the everyday life and work on the field, and a good bit of that information went into the articles. The few surviving reports will be found in Series 2 of this collection.

Related collections include:

RG 10 Dept. of Chaplains and Service Personnel Records

RG 37 Board of Christian Education Dept. of Theological
Seminaries Records

RG 289 William Orr Papers

RG 301.7 Board of National Missions Div. of Church Strategy
and Development Records

Collection processed and finding aid prepared: August 1992
Stephanie Muntone, Processing Archivist

Box	Folder	Description
1	1	Finding Aid to Record Group 301.6
	2	BNM Emergency Executive Committee Minutes--
		Creation of War Services Unit, 1941-42
	3	Organization/Operation of Unit; Closing of Unit, 1943-46

		SERIES 1:  ADMINISTRATIVE FILES, 1941-47, 1950

	4	Alaska
	5	Annual Report Materials, 1943-46
	6	Board of Foreign Missions, 1946
	7	Board of National Missions--Educational/Medical Work, 1946-47
	8	Board of Pensions--Lists of War Services Workers, 1942-45
    	9-12	Budget (by synod), 1941-47
	13	Camp and Defense Communities Survey--correspondence, 1941-42
	14	Children's Work
	15	Christian Commission for Camp and Defense Communities-General
	16		Budget Committee, 1943-45
	17		Church Letter on War Communities, 1944
	18		Church Mobilization, 1942
	19		Correspondence, 1942-45
	20		Executive Committee, 1943-45
	21		Industrial Division, 1942-46
	22		Literature Committee, 1943-44
   	23-25		Minutes, 1941-45
	26		New Mexico/Arizona, 1944
	27		Policy and Program Committee, 1945-46
	28		Reports, 1941-44
	29		Special Committee, 1942
	30		Volunteer Services, 1942-46
	31	Committee on Camp and Church Activities, 1941-46
	32	Conferences--Atlantic Synod
	33			   on Churches' Official Standing
	34			   Presbytery Enlistment Chairmen
	35	Special Administrative Conferences, general, 1943
	36				Arizona Synod, 1943
	37				Arkansas Synod, 1943
	38				Baltimore Synod, 1943
	39				California Synod, 1943
	40				Colorado Synod, 1943
	41				Illinois Synod, 1943
	42				Intermountain Area (UT, WY, ID), 1943
	43				Japanese Work, 1942
	44				Kansas Synod, 1943
	45				Kentucky Synod, 1943
	46				Michigan Synod, 1943
	47				Mid-South Synod (AL, TN), 1943
	48				Minnesota Synod, 1943
	49				Missouri Synod, 1943
	50				Montana Synod, 1943
		
1	51	Special Administrative Conference--Montana/Dakotas, 1943
	52				Nebraska Synod, 1943
	53				New England Synod, 1943
	54				New Jersey Synod, 1943
	55				New Mexico Synod, 1943
	56				Ohio Synod, 1943
	57				Oklahoma Synod, 1942
	58				Oregon/Washington, 1943
	59				Pennsylvania Synod, 1943
	60				Texas Synod, 1942-43
	61	Conscientious Objectors, 1942
	62	Contact Officers' Meetings--Minutes, 1945
	63	Church Work in Defense Industries--Outlines, Pamphlet Material, 1941-42
	64	Defense Service Council (PCUS), 1941
	65	Episcopal Church, 1942-44
	66	Evangelism, 1942
	67	Federal Council of Churches, 1942
   	68-69	Federal Public Housing Projects, 1942-46
	70	Federal Security Agency, 1942-43
   	71-73	Hazel, William, 1941-44
	74	Home Missions Council of North America, 1942-47
	75			Japanese-American Resettlement Committee
	76			Reports, 1942, 1947
	77			Student Veterans' Emergency Committee, 1946-47

2   	1-2	Industrial Chaplaincy, 1942-47
	3	Interboard Committee on Conference on Church and Social Services, 1944
	4	Japanese-American Work, 1943-44
                5	Missionaries--Job Descriptions/Definitions, 1945
	6	National Family Week, 1943
	7	Negro Populations in Camp and Defense Areas, 1942
    	8-9	Newsletter--"Defense/War Industry/War-Time Service  Bulletin", 1942-44
	10			  Correspondence, 1942

	11			  Supplements to Bulletins, 1942-43
	11a			  "War Service News," 1945-46
	12	Office of Civilian Defense, 1942-44
	13	Office of Defense Health and Welfare Services, 1942-43
	14	People's Institute of Applied Religion
	15	Policy and Procedure Manual
	16	Postwar Planning, 1943-50
	17	Presbyterian Wartime Service Commission--Restoration Fund, 1945-46
	18	Publicity, general
	19			 Articles
	20				Monday Morning, 1941-44
	21				The Presbyterian, 1944-46
	22			 Movies, 1942-43
	23			 Notes, 1942-43
	24			 Publicity Committee, 1943-44
	25			 Radio Ministry, 1943-44
	26			 Sermons for Junior Groups, 1944
	27	Quota Report--Synods and Presbyteries, 1945
2	28	Restoration Fund Projects Committee, 1944-46
	29	Returning Service Personnel, 1944
	30	Rural Concerns, 1942-44
	31	Summer Service, general, 1943-44
	32				 Chicago, 1943-44
	33				 Illinois, 1943-44
	34				 Texas--Spanish-Speaking Work, 1943-44
	35				 Training Course--Class Notes, Papers, 1945
	36						     Correspondence, 1945-47
	37	Sunday School Materials--Correspondence, 1943
	38	Tire and Gas Rationing, 1942-44
	39	Wayside Chapel--Arizona, 1942
	40				 California, 1943
	41				 Illinois, 1942
	42				 Indiana, 1942
	43				 Kansas, 1942
	44				 Michigan, 1942
	45				 Nevada, 1943
	46				 Eastman, Fred, 1942-43
	47				 Young, S. Edward, 1943-44
	48				 Publicity Manual, 1942
	49	War Services Committee Minutes, 1945-46
	50	War Services Workers, general
	51	Dates and Places of Service, 1943-44
	52	Lists of Workers and Projects, 1943
	53	Youth--"Presbyterian Youth Program" by Inez Hazel


		SERIES 2:  FIELD CORRESPONDENCE AND REPORTS, 1941-48

	54	Monthly Field Report Data (by synod), A-C, 1946

3	1						   D-Z, 1946
	2	Alabama-- Birmingham--Inglenook Church, 1942-47
	3			Decatur, 1945-46
	4			Sheffield, 1941-47
	5	Alaska, general
	6		   Anchorage--First Church, 1943-47
	7		   David Crawford, 1943-44
	8	Arizona,  general
	9			Clifton/Morenci, 1942-46
	10			Flagstaff--Ordinance Depot, 1942-45
	11			Florence/Valley Farms, 1942-43
	12			McNary--McNary Church, 1945
	13			Miami, 1942-45
	14			Navajo Missions, 1943-47
	15			Phoenix-- Desert Mission, 1945
	16					First Church, 1943-46
	17					Negro Work, 1944
	18			Tempe, 1944-45
	19			Winkleman/Hayden/Ray, 1943-45
3	20	Arkansas, general
	21			Benton Bauxite, 1942-45
	22			Hot Springs, 1942
	23	California, general
	24			  Alameda (interdenominational), 1943-46
	25			  California--Belleflower--Belleflower Church, 1943
	26			  Herlong (interdenominational), 1943-44
	27			  Inglewood--Inglewood Church, 1942-47
	28			  Los Angeles--El Cajon Church, 1945
	29			  Marin City (interdenominational), 1942-46
	30			  Oxnard/Port Huneme, 1945-46
	31			  Richmond, 1943-45
	32			  Riverside Presbytery survey, 1942-45
	33			  Rodeo, 1942-46
	34			  San Bernardino--First Church, 1943-45
	35			  San Diego--Cyane Project, 1945-46
	36			  East San Diego Church, 1945-46
	37			  San Francisco--Interracial Church, 1943-45
	38			  Park Boulevard Church, 1943-46
	39			  Potrero Hill Neighborhood House, 1941-42
	40					Redwoods survey, 1942-43
	41					Trinity Center, 1943
	42			  San Mateo, 1942-46
	43			  Santa Ana--First Church, 1943-45
	44			  Vallejo (interdenominational), 1942-44
	45	Colorado, general, 1945
	46	Connecticut--Bridgeport, 1943-46
   	47-48			   CT Council of Churches, 1941-45
	49			   Hartford, 1942-44
	50	Cuba, 1942-45
	51	Indiana-- Rising Sun, 1943
	52	Iowa--Bettendorf, 1943-45
	53	Kansas, general, 1942-44
   	54-55		   Witchita Council of Churches, 1942-46
	56	Kentucky, general, 1943
	57	Louisiana--New Orleans, 1942
   	58-59	Maine--Portland, 1942-47
	60	Maryland--Baltimore--Aisquith Church, 1944-45
	61					 Fairfield Project, 1942-46
	62					 1942-47

4   	1-2			MD Council of Churches, 1941-47
	3			Dundalk, 1942-46
	4			Elkton/Cecil County (interdenominational), 1942-45
	5	Massachusetts--Quincy (interdenominational), 1942-45
	6				Waltham/Watertown, 1943
	7	Michigan, general
    	8-9			Detroit Council of Churches, 1942-46
	10				   Special Ministry to Labour, 1942-45
	11			Flint--Flint Community Church, 1944-46
	12			Willow Run, 1942-47
4	13	Minnesota, general, 1942-43
	14	Mississippi, general, 1942-44
	15	Missouri, general, 1943-47
	16			Affton--First Church, 1944-48
	17			Independence--First Church, 1943-46
	18			Kansas City--Paseo and Broadland Churches, 1945-47
	19			Neosho, 1941-43
	20			St Louis--Manor Church, 1943
	21					Markham Memorial Church, 1944-48
	22	Nebraska, general, 1942-45
  	23-24	Nebraska--Bellevue, 1941-46
	25			Grand Island, 1942-43
	26			Hastings (interdenominational), 1942-43
	27			Omaha--Wheeler Church, 1944-45
	28			Sidney, 1942-45
	29	Nevada--Basic Magnesium, 1942-46
	30		   Reno--Italian Missions, 1946-47
	31	New Jersey, general, 1942-45
	32			  Avenel, 1943
	33			  Bayonne, 1942-43
	34			  Dover, 1943-46
	35			  Grandview, 1945-47
	36			  Lower Penn's Neck, 1942-43
	37			  New Brunswick--First Hungarian Church, 1943-46
	38			  Osceola/Winfield, 1941-46
	39			  Paterson (interdenominational), 1943-44
	40			  Rahway, 1943-45
	41			  Red Bank, 1943-45 
	42	New Mexico--Albuquerque, 1945
	43			  Carlsbad, 1943-44
	44			  Hobbs, 1943-46
	45	New York, general, 194
	46			Brooklyn Navy Yard (interdenominational), 1944-47
	47			Buffalo, 1942-45
	48			NY Council of Churches, 1942-44
	49			Geneva (interdenominational), 1943-45
	50			Minersville, 1943
	51			Niagara Falls, 1942-44
	52						(interdenominational)
	53			Nyack, 1942
	54			Rome (interdenominational), 1943-46
	55			Romulus, 1941
	56			Star Lake/Benson Mine, 1943-44
	57	North Carolina--Charlotte, 1943-45
	58				 Wilmington--Maffit Village, 1945
	59	Ohio, general, 1942

5	1		 Cincinnati--Golf Manor, 1942-45
	2		 Dayton (interdenominational), 1943-46
	3		 Middleport-First Church, 1942
	4		 New Carlisle--New Carlisle Church, 1944-47
5	5		 Osborn--First Church, 1944-47
	6		 Ravenna, 1943
	7		 Warren (interdenominational), 1942-46
	8	Oklahoma, general, 1942-46
    	9-10			Chouteau--First Church, 1941-43
	11			Kiowa--First Church, 1943-44
	12			Lawton--First Church, 1944-45
	13			McAlester, 1942-47
	14			Tulsa--Yale Avenue Church, 1941-46
	15	Oregon, general
	16		   Guild Lake, 1943-46
	17		   Portland Council of Churches, 1943-46
	18		   Portland--northeast section, 1945-46
	19		   St. John's Woods, 1943
	20	Pennsylvania Synod, 1941-47
	21			   Beaver County, 1944-46
	22	Pennsylvania--Carlisle Presbytery (Harrisburg area), 1943-46
	23			    Middletown, 1941-45
	24			    Philadelphia--Beth Eden House, 1943-45
	25			    Philadelphia Presbytery, general, 1943-46
	26	Puerto Rico--Aguadilla, 1941-46
	27	Rhode Island, general, 1944
	28			    Council of Churches, 1942-45
	29	South Dakota, general, 1942-45
	30	Tennessee, general
	31			 Alcoa, 1941
	32			 Humboldt, 1943-45
	33			 Huntingdon, 1941
	34			 Kingston, 1944-47
	35			 LaVergne, 1941-42
	36			 Memphis--Bethel Church, 1946-47
	37			 Milan, 1941-44
	38			 Tullahoma, 1941-44
	39	Texas, general
	40		  Dumas--Cactus Ordinance Works, 1943-44
	41		  Houston--Southwest Bohemian Presbytery, 1942-44
	42		  McGregor, 1942-44
	43		  San Antonio Council of Churches, 1945-46
	44	Utah, general
	45		 Ogden/Salt Lake (interdenominational), 1942-47
	46		 Springerville, 1941-45
	47		 Utah County Larger Parish, 1943-45
	48	Virginia, general, 1943-45
	49			Arlington--First Church, 1945
	50			McLean--Lainsville Church, 1945
	51	Washington DC--Tabor Church, 1943-44
	52				Washington Federation of Churches, 1942-43
	53	Washington State, general
	54			 Auburn, 1944-46
	55			 Bremerton--First Church, 1941-43
	56					  Summit Avenue Church, 1943
5	57			 Ephrata, 1943
	58			 Hanford--United Protestant Church, 1944

6	1			 Hanford-Richland area, 1943-44
	2			 Howell, William J, 1942-43
	3			 Neah Bay, 1941-43
	4			 Opportunity-Dishman, area, 1944-47
	5			 Seattle--Boulevard Park Church, 1941-44
	6			 		Lake Burien Church, 1943-46
	7			 		Riverton Heights Church, 1945
	8			 Spokane--First Church, 1943
	9			 		Ligerwood Church, 1943-47
	10					Whitworth Church, 1946-47
	11	West Virginia--Julius Scheidel, 1944
	12	Wisconsin Council of Churches, 1942-44
	13			Madison--Badger Ordnance Works, 1942-47
	14	Wyoming--Cheyenne, 1942	

		SERIES 3:  PHOTOGRAPHS, 1941-47

		Oversize Photographs; Poster

7		12 Oversize Photographs with captions, two with
		 negatives
		1 Poster

		8 x 10 Photographs; Illustrated Reports

8	1	California--Bellflower Church, 1946
	2			  Los Angeles--Pilgrim House
	3			  Pacific Beach
	4			  Richmond
	5			  West Oakland
	6	Illinois--Chicago--Grace Community Church and Center
	7	Nebraska--Bellevue, 1944
	8	Pennsylvania--Pittsburgh
	9	South Side Church
	10	South Carolina--Charleston
	11	Texas--Dallas
	12         Fort Worth--Liberator Village
	13        Grand Prairie, 1944
	14	Utah--Ogden, 1943
	15	Virginia--Portsmouth--Carver Homes
	16	Northwestern US
	17	Identified Photos
	18	Unidentified Photos
		
		Small Photographs

	19	Letter Identifying Affton, MO Photos, 1947
		(photos in box 9 folder 25)
9	1	Alabama, 1945-47
	2	Alaska, 1944
	3	Arizona
	4		   Florence
	5		   Phoenix
	6		   Tucson
	7		   Valley Farms
	8	California--Belleflower/Mayfair, 1944-46
	9			  Belleflower Church, negatives, 1946
	10			  Inglewood, 1943
   	11-12			  Linda Vista, 1944
	13			  Oxnard/Port Huneme, 1945-46
	14			  Pacific Beach/Bayview Terrace, 1943-45
	15			  Richmond, 1944
	16			  West Oakland
	17	Connecticut--Bridgeport, 1944
	18	Illinois, 1943-45
	19	Indiana, 1942-43
	20	Iowa--Burlington, 1943
	21	Kansas, 1945
   	22-23	Maine--Elizabeth Park/Portland, 1945-46
	24	Maryland, 1947
	25	Missouri--Affton, 1947 (see list above for information)
	26	Nebraska, 1941-44
	27	New Jersey
	28	New Mexico
	29	North Carolina
	30	Ohio, 1943-46
	31	Tennessee
	32	Texas, 1944-45
	33	Virginia, 1945-46
	34	Washington, 1944-46
	35	Wayside Chapel, 1944
	36	Photographs, general
	37	Negatives, general