United Presbyterian Church in the U. S. A.
Board of National Missions. Dept. of Mission Development. Records, 1871-1972 (bulk: 1923-1972)
Finding Aid to Record Group 301.7
45.42 cu.ft.

Presbyterian Historical Society
425 Lombard St.
Philadelphia, PA 19147-1516

RESTRICTIONS ON ACCESS

Access to records created within the last 50 years is restricted. Written permission is required.
Check with Public Services staff.
Scrapbooks in Series VI, Subseries 6 restricted (fragile)

ADMINISTRATIVE HISTORY

In 1923, the Board of Home Missions (PCUSA) was reorganized and renamed Board of National Missions. The Board of Home Missions had included numerous departments which ministered to various segments of the population including immigrants and the urban poor, the Jews, the Spanish-speaking populations of the American Southwest and of the Caribbean islands, African-Americans in the deep South, Native Americans, and the rural population across the country.

The 1923 reorganization of boards and agencies created the Board of National Missions, which consisted of six divisions. One of those six, that of Church Extension and Missions, was given responsibility for several departments of the old Board of Home Missions. Though Church Extension and Missions maintained the separateness of each department, it united all of the work on an administrative level.

The responsibilities of Church Extension and Missions/Division of Missionary Operation were diverse; it dealt with a wide variety of Americans across the country. The work was concentrated into four departments: Town and Country Church Work, which included Indian Work; City, Immigrant and Industrial Work, which included Jewish Evangelization and Spanish-Speaking Work; West Indies; and Sunday School Missions and Mobile Ministries.

Church Extension and Missions underwent numerous changes of name and administration through the years, as did the various departments within it. Despite these minor changes and modifications, the division did not alter the nature of its work. Its areas of responsibility included missions to the Spanish-speaking population in the Southwest and in Cuba and Puerto Rico; missions to the Jews, the immigrants and the working classes in large cities; missions to the Native Americans; missions to African-Americans in the deep South; and work with children and adults in remote agricultural areas. The division's mission to minister to these people continued throughout its history.

In 1935, Church Extension and Missions was renamed Department of Missionary Operation, in 1951 Division of Missionary Operation, in 1961 Division of Church Strategy and Development, and in 1971 Department of Mission Development. In 1972, the Board of National Missions became the Program Agency.

An organizational outline follows:
Board of National Missions

1924 CHURCH EXTENSION AND MISSIONS

Town and Country Church Work
Indian Work
City, Immigrant and Industrial Work
Spanish-Speaking Work in the Southwest
Jewish Evangelization
Department of West Indies
Sunday School Missions
Mobile Ministries
1935 DEPARTMENT OF MISSIONARY OPERATION
Rural Church Work
City, Immigrant and Industrial Work
Spanish-Speaking Work
Jewish Evangelization
Sunday School Missions
Indian Work
West Indies
1951 DIVISION OF MISSIONARY OPERATION
Town and Country Church and Indian Work
City and Industrial Work
Spanish-American Work in the Southwest
Sunday School Missions and Mobile Ministries
1961 DIVISION OF CHURCH STRATEGY AND DEVELOPMENT
Local Church
Indian Ministries: Migrant Ministries
Urban and Industrial Ministries
Spanish-Speaking Ministries
1971 DEPARTMENT OF MISSION DEVELOPMENT
Non-Metropolitan Church Strategy
Ministries with American Indians
Urban and Industrial
Spanish-Speaking
Mobile Ministries

Divisions and departments of the Board of National Missions underwent many, many administrative and organizational changes over the years. This outline is intended only as a brief, condensed guide to the developments which led to the creation of the Department of Mission Development. Further details can be found in the administrative histories of each department which follow. To see every detail of changes in division and department names, responsibilities and administrative personnel, the researcher should consult the Board of National Missions' annual reports.

SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE

Record Group 301.7 contains correspondence, minutes, reports, blueprints, maps and photographs documenting the history of Presbyterian missions in the United States in the areas described above from 1871-1972. The vast bulk of the records date from 1923, the year of the birth of the Board of National Missions, but there are many older records in the collection.

The collection is arranged as follows:
SERIES I: DEPARTMENT OF TOWN AND COUNTRY CHURCH AND INDIAN WORK, 1871-1972

Subseries 1: Field Correspondence, 1916-1939
Subseries 2: Field Surveys and Reports, 1916-1959
Subseries 3: Henry S. Randolph, Director: Articles, Speeches and Writings, 1910-1965 (bulk 1938-1961)
Subseries 4: Warren H. Wilson, Director: Articles, Speeches and Writings, 1908-1937
Subseries 5: Directors’ Subject Files, 1899-1965
Subseries 6: Matthew B. McNutt Field Correspondence Files, Speeches and Articles, 1910-1936 (bulk 1912-1922)
Subseries 7: Board of National Missions Indian Work; Administrative Files, 1881-1972
Subseries 8: Board of National Missions Indian Work; Missions and Schools, 1871-ca. 1967
Subseries 9: G. Shubert Frye, Associate: Subject Files, 1960-70.
SERIES II: DEPARTMENT OF CITY, IMMIGRANT AND INDUSTRIAL WORK, 1888-1960 (bulk 1920-1950)
Subseries 1: William P. Shriver, Superintendent; Files, 1888-1943
Subseries 2: Jacob A. Long, Superintendent; Files, 1910-1957
Subseries 3: Field Surveys and Reports, 1936-1960
Subseries 4: [vacant]
Subseries 5: Department of Jewish Evangelization, 1920-1948.
SERIES II: SUBSERIES 5: DEPARTMENT OF JEWISH EVANGELIZATION, 1920-1948
Sub-subseries 1: Subject Files, 1920-1940
Sub-subseries 2: Refugee Correspondence, 1928-1948
Sub-subseries 3: U.S. Government, 1939-1942.
SERIES III: [VACANT]

SERIES IV: DEPARTMENT OF SPANISH-SPEAKING WORK, 1887-1963
Subseries 1: Subject Files, 1887-1958
Subseries 2: Field Correspondence, 1928-1962
Subseries 3: Paul Warnshuis, Director; Files, 1920-1963
Subseries 4: Correspondence and Reports, 1927-1963
SERIES V: DEPARTMENT OF WEST INDIES, 1900-1972
Subseries 1: Administrative Files, 1909-1960
Subseries 2: Cuba, 1921-1972
Subseries 3: Puerto Rico, 1900-1971
Subseries 4: Dominican Republic, 1949-1960
SERIES VI: DEPARTMENT OF SUNDAY SCHOOL MISSIONS AND MOBILE MINISTRIES, 1887-1968
Subseries 1: Field Reports, 1923-1968
Subseries 2: Bulletins/News From Field, 1910-1966
Subseries 3: Field Correspondence, 1920-1968 (bulk 1940-1945, mid-1950s-1967)
Subseries 4: Camp Meetings/Conferences, 1939-1967 (bulk 1951-1967)
Subseries 5: Subject Files, 1887-1968
Subseries 6: Scrapbooks, 1896-1947
Subseries 7: Missionaries’ Record Books, 1918-1937
SERIES VII: JACKMAN RELOCATION PROGRAM, 1965-1972
Subseries 1: Administrative Files, 1964-1972
Subseries 2: Host Families' Files, 1965-1972
Subseries 3: Students' Files, 1965-1972
SERIES VIII: CHILD DEVELOPMENT GROUP OF MISSISSIPPI AND OTHER MISSISSIPPI PROJECTS, 1965-1974
Subseries 1: Child Development Group of Mississippi, 1965-1969
Subseries 2: Clay County Community Development Corporation, 1968-1973
Subseries 3: Delta Ministry, 1967-1974
Subseries 4: Mt. Beulah Project, 1968-1970.
The guiding principle behind the arrangement of this collection was the organizational structure of the Church Extension and Missions/Division of Missionary Operation. Five record groups were combined, along with unprocessed material, to form this collection, and imposing institutional order on the records and correcting errors in previous arrangement while respecting provenance as much as possible was the only practical solution. For example, the records of the Department of West Indies and those of the Department of Spanish-Speaking Work were originally processed together as one record group (RG 104) with no indication that these were the records of two separate departments. The records of the two departments were separated and the institutional order imposed.

NOTES TO THE RESEARCHER

Alternative Formats
Series II, Subseries 5 also available on microfilm (MF/POS./1232/r. 1-3)

Related Material
Re Series II
Researchers interested in Labor Temple, an industrial mission in New York City, should see Record Group 14.

Re Series VI
Two personal paper collections in the archives may be of interest to researchers of Sunday School mission work and mobile ministries. Record Group 12 comprises the papers of Edwin Murray Ellis, a superintendent of Sunday School Missions in Montana from 1911 to 1928. Record Group 272 comprises the papers of Roger Sherman, who became a mobile minister in the Southwest in 1929.

Re Series II, Subseries 5
Record Group 258 comprises the records of the Board of Foreign Missions work with the Jews from 1850-1859. Record Group 259 is the papers of Frederick Immanuel Neuhaus, a missionary to the Jews in Baltimore from 1850-1856.

Processing Information
RG 301.7 processed and finding aid created in July 1991 by Stephanie Muntone, Processing Archivist. Finding aid edited in December 2013 by Bill Brock, Collection Management Archivist.

Series I
Record Group 138, Department of Town and Country Church and Indian Work Records, was reprocessed to form this series. Some materials have been added from the library.

Collection processed and preliminary inventory prepared in 1978 by Robert A. Goldstein, Assistant Archivist. Collection processed and finding aid prepared in 1985 by Janet Brice Bishop, Assistant Archivist. Series V and VI added and new finding aid prepare in 1986 by Frederick J. Heuser, Jr, Archivist. Collection reprocessed and finding aid revised in July 1991 by Stephanie Muntone, Processing Archivist.

Series II
Record Group 202, Department of City, Immigrant and Industrial Work Records, was reprocessed to form this series. Subseries 3, Field Surveys and Reports, was added.

Collection processed and finding aid prepared in 1985 by Frederick J. Heuser, Jr, Archivist. Collection reprocessed and finding aid revised in July 1991 by Stephanie Muntone, Processing Archivist.

Series II, Subseries 5
Record Group 127, Department of Jewish Evangelization Records, was reprocessed to form this subseries.

Collection processed in 1977 by Jane Ramsay. Finding aid prepared in 1985 by Frederick J. Heuser, Jr, Archivist. Collection reprocessed and finding aid revised in July 1991 by Stephanie Muntone, Processing Archivist.

Series IV
Record Group 104, Department of Spanish-Speaking Work/Department of West Indies Records, was reprocessed to form this series. The records from the Department of West Indies were separated from the others and will be found in Series 5.

Collection reprocessed and finding aid prepared in July 1991 by Stephanie Muntone, Processing Archivist.

Series V
Record Group 104, Department of Spanish-Speaking Work/Department of West Indies Records, and Record Group 106, Department of West Indies Records, were reprocessed and combined to form this series. The Spanish-Speaking Work records from Record Group 104 were separated from the West Indies Records; they form Series 4.

Collection reprocessed and finding aid prepared in July 1991 by Stephanie Muntone, Processing Archivist.

Series VI
Record Group 107, Department of Sunday School Missionaries and Mobile Ministers, was combined with unprocessed material to form this series.

Collection processed and finding aid prepared in 1990-91 by Stephanie Muntone, Processing Archivist.

Series VII
Collection processed and finding aid prepared in July 1991 by Stephanie Muntone, Processing Archivist.

SERIES VIII
Collection processed and finding aid prepared in 1991 by Stephanie Muntone, Processing Archivist.

open inventory
Box	Folder	Description