Sheppard, William H.
Papers, 1875-1933
Finding Aid to Record Group 457
1.00 cubic feet (7 boxes)

Presbyterian Historical Society
425 Lombard St.
Philadelphia, PA 19147-1516

RESTRICTIONS ON ACCESS

Collection open for research

Small photograph album (disbound) in Box 2, large photograph album (disbound) in Box 3, and loose photographs in Box 4 restricted for preservation reasons; please use reference photocopies in Box 7

Glass negatives in Box 5 restricted for preservation reasons; please use reference digital reproductions in Box 7

Rolled page proofs in Box 6 restricted for preservation reasons

Nitrate negatives in Box 8 restricted; please use reference digital reproductions in Box 7

BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY

William H. Sheppard was a Presbyterian minister and foreign missionary to the Belgian Congo. He was born in Waynesboro, Virginia, in 1865. He attended the Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute in Hampton, Virginia, for three years, then studied theology at the Stillman Institute in Tuscaloosa, Alabama, graduating in 1884. He was ordained in 1888 by the Atlanta Presbytery. From 1888 to 1890 he served as pastor of the Zion Presbyterian Church in Atlanta, Georgia. In 1890, Sheppard was appointed by the Executive Committee of Foreign Missions of the Presbyterian Church in the U.S. to serve as a missionary to the Belgian Congo. He was one of the earliest African-American foreign missionaries for the Presbyterian Church in the U.S. Samuel N. Lapsley, a white minister from Anniston, Alabama, was appointed at the same time, and together the two men established the mission at Luebo, in the province of Kasai. Lapsley died of a "bilious hematuric fever" on March 26, 1892.

While on furlough in the United States in 1894, Sheppard married Lucy J. Gantt, and she returned with him to the Congo. They worked together at Luebo and later at the mission station at Ibanche. In 1909, because of their criticisms of the Kassai Rubber Company's treatment of the native people of the Congo, William Sheppard and William M. Morrison were charged with libel and stood trial in Leopoldville. They were both acquitted. The Sheppards continued their missionary work in the Congo until 1910.

Upon his return to the United States, Sheppard served as pastor of Grace Presbyterian Church, Louisville, Kentucky, 1912-1926. The Sheppards had two surviving children: Wilhelmina and William Lapsley (called Maxamalinge). William Sheppard died in Louisville on November 25, 1927.

SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE

This is a collection of photographs and papers of William H. Sheppard. The bulk of the collection consists of photographs documenting Sheppard's experiences as a missionary in the Belgian Congo. There are two photograph albums (now disbound), as well as a number of loose photographs and several flexible film (nitrate) and glass negatives. The images depict the Sheppards and fellow Presbyterian Church in the U.S. missionaries, including Lucius DeYampert, Lilian Thomas DeYampert, Alonzo Edmiston, Althea Brown Edmiston, Maria Fearing, William M. Morrison, Bertha S. Morrison, Adolphus Rochester, Annie Taylor Rochester, and several others. Included are photos of Sheppard and William M. Morrison attending their 1909 trial in Leopoldville on the charge of libeling the Kassai Rubber Company. There are numerous photos of native people of the Bateke, Baluba, Bakuba, Zappo Zap, and other tribes. The native people are shown in native dress and occasionally wearing western clothing. There are also photos of the Pantops Home in Luebo and the Maria Carey Home in Ibanche, and group photos of the children living at those homes; the churches at Luebo and Ibanche; the printing press at Luebo; village dwellings; landscapes; and the steamboat Samuel N. Lapsley. Also included is a set of unidentified page proofs (rolled) with images of people and artifacts; some of the proofs match images in the collection.

Papers in the collection include a small amount of correspondence to and from Sheppard and his wife, 1892-1927; typed transcriptions of Sheppard's reminiscences of his time at the Stillman Institute and his diary from September 13-14, 1899; a copy of the Kasai Herald, 1908, featuring an article by Sheppard; two pages of sermon notes; a list of curios brought from Africa, 1893; a Women's Foreign Missionary Society brochure, "How Sheppard Made His Way into Lukenga's Kingdom," 1895; printed materials about the Congo and King Leopold; hymnbooks in Tshiluba and an unidentified language; a stock certificate for the steamboat "Samuel N. Lapsley"; printed inspirational cards; newspaper clippings about Sheppard's speaking engagements to promote work in the Congo; and a Sunday School primer used by Sheppard as a child.

CONTENT SURVEY

Box 1: Correspondence, 1892-1927; diary, 1899; clippings, 1905; reminiscences, 1933; Kasai Herald, 1908; sermon notes, undated; notes on curios from Africa, 1893; publications, 1895 and 1905; hymnbooks, 1909; "Samuel N. Lapsley" stock certificate, 1893; and Union Primer, 1875

Box 2: Small photograph album (disbound) documenting mission work in the Congo, circa 1890-1910 [restricted for preservation reasons; please use reference photocopies in Box 7, Folder 1]

Box 3: Large photograph album (disbound) documenting mission work in the Congo, circa 1890-1910; cabinet card photograph of Grover Cleveland, 1894 [restricted for preservation reasons; please use reference photocopies in Box 7, Folder 2]

Box 4: Loose photographs documenting mission work in the Congo, circa 1890-1910 [restricted for preservation reasons; please use reference photocopies in Box 7, Folder 3]

Box 5: Glass negatives documenting mission work in the Congo, circa 1890-1910 [restricted for preservation reasons; please use reference digital reproductions in Box 7, Folder 4]

Box 6: Unidentified page proofs (rolled) with images of people and artifacts, undated [restricted for preservation reasons]

Box 7: Reference photocopies of images in boxes 2, 3, and 4; reference digital reproductions of images in boxes 5 and 8

Box 8: Nitrate negatives documenting mission work in the Congo, circa 1890-1910 [restricted; please use reference digital reproductions in Box 7, Folder 5]

A box of copy negatives and a box of copy negatives (35 mm) and copy prints are housed in Public Services.

NOTES TO THE RESEARCHER

Materials primarily in English, with hymnbooks in Tshiluba and an unidentified language.

This collection is minimally processed: materials may not have been ordered beyond their original condition.
Guide revised in 2009 by Jennifer Barr, Archives Intern.

Related material
The Samuel N. Lapsley Papers (RG 1127) contain materials pertaining to the establishment of the mission station at Luebo and a journal kept by Lapsley in 1890-1891. The Museum Collection includes a silver loving cup presented to William H. Sheppard and Lucy Gantt Sheppard by the American Presbyterian Congo Mission.

Related materials at other institutions
The Sheppard Collection, Hampton University Archives, Hampton, Virginia; the William H. Sheppard Collection of African Art, Hampton University Museum; and the Dr. William H. Sheppard Collection, Stillman College, Tuscaloosa, Alabama.

Box	Folder	Description
1	1	Correspondence from William H. Sheppard, 1892-1910
	2	Correspondence to William H. Sheppard, 1905-1927
	3	Manuscript copy of American Presbyterian Congo Mission acceptance of Sheppard's resignation, 1909
	4	Correspondence of Lucy Gantt Sheppard, 1895, 1924
	5	Telegrams to Lucy Gantt Sheppard regarding William H. Sheppard's death, 1927
	6	Typed transcription of William H. Sheppard diary, 1899 Sept. 13-14
	7	Typescript copy of William H. Sheppard's "Reminiscences of My Early Days at Stillman Institute," (originally written circa 1925), 1933
	8	Kasai Herald, containing article by Sheppard, "From the Bakuba Country," 1908
	9	William H. Sheppard sermon notes
	10	William H. Sheppard notes on curios from Africa, 1893
	11	Women's Foreign Missionary Society publication, "How Sheppard Made His Way into Lukenga's Kingdom," 1895
	12	Reprint of interview of Rev. John H. Harris, "Ought King Leopold to Be Hanged?", 1905
	13	Published volume by Mark Twain, King Leopold's Soliloquy, 1905
	14	Hymnbook, Mukanda wa Misambu, 1909
	15	Hymnbook, Nkana mu Ncema, 1909
	16	Stock certificate for steamboat "Samuel N. Lapsley," 1893
	17	Printed inspirational cards, undated
	18	Photocopy of newspaper clippings about William H. Sheppard speaking engagements, 1905	
	19 	Union Primer, used by Sheppard as a child, 1875

		Small Photograph Album 		
		Access is restricted for preservation reasons; please use reference photocopies in Box 7, Folder 1.
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835.01.01a: William and Lucy Sheppard with the children of the Maria Carey Home in Ibanche.
Outside, within a fenced yard, 13 girls dressed in western clothing. (additional formats: copy negative, .tif file) 835.01.01b: Sheppard with other missionaries and wives on steps of building.
All wearing pith helmets, with many children around them. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.01.01c: Sheppard with native men with weapons (rifles and bows/arrows) and animal skins.
[Sheppard's face is completely faded out.] See also image 835.01.03a.(additional formats: copy negative [835.01.03a]) 835.01.02a: Interior of a church with congregants,
possibly the church at Ibanche. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.01.02b: Three native men holding wide-bladed Kuba knives. 835.01.02c: Sheppard and unidentified missionary with ten native men.
Both missionaries are holding rifles. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.01.03a: Sheppard and nine native men with weapons
(rifles and bows/arrows) and animal skins. See also image 835.01.01c. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.01.03b: Small image of a house, probably the Sheppards'.
A woman is sitting on the porch. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.01.03c: Sheppard, holding a rifle, and eight native teenage boys,
holding rifles and Zappo Zap weapons. 835.01.03d: Group of Bateke people (men and women) in native dress,
and two women in back wearing white western hats and dresses. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.01.04a: Two white men standing. One wears a white jacket and black fedora hat;
the other wears a light jacket and a British touring cap. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.01.04b: "Enlarging the early church at Lubo [Luebo] c. 1895."
Sheppard with another missionary and 25 young people. Sheppard is holding a saw.
(additional formats: copy negative and .tif file) 835.01.05a: "Church enlarged and completed at Luebo - 1895."
Two native adults and four native children in front of the church building. (additional formats: copy negative and .tif file) 835.01.05b: White man with native teenage boy. Man has his hand on boy's shoulder.
Boy is dressed in western clothes. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.01.06a: Four unidentified people relaxing on a large rock outcropping.
(additional formats: copy negative) 835.01.06b: Six unidentified white people (four men, two women)
dressed in white with a small table with flowers. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.01.07a: "Mrs. Snyder's dressing room [table]."
With a ruffled cloth and photographs and personal items. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.01.07b: Three unidentified native children. The child in the middle is standing on a
western style chair wearing a jumper and button high-top shoes; the other two are wearing white dresses. (additional formats: .tif file) 835.01.08a: One unidentified young native woman standing under two palm trees.
She is wearing a striped native sarong with a dark belt. 835.01.08b: "Baketa children Luebo." Thirteen unidentified native children, one with a bowl on her head,
others wearing native beads. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.01.09a: Eight white missionaries with eight natives in boats on a river with a rock canyon in the background.
One boat has a British or Australian flag on it. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.01.09b: Unidentified native woman with chain around her neck. 835.01.09c: Two unidentified native people (woman and girl). 835.01.09d: Two unidentified men in military uniforms holding rifles. 835.01.10a: Unidentified native village and inhabitants. 835.01.10b: Sheppard with a huge group of native people sitting behind him.
(additional formats: copy negative) 835.01.10c: Unidentified white man with a native child wearing a mask. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.01.10d: "The second Mrs. Snyder."
Gertrude Snyder wearing a white dress, holding a bird on her hand, with two unidentified native children holding
birds on sticks next to her. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.01.11a: "Dr. and Mrs. Sheppard on way home, at Kinchassa."
Lucy Sheppard is sitting in a rickshaw-type chair, with four native boys.
See also image 835.02.01d. (additional formats: copy negative) 2 835.01.11b: Lucy Sheppard with three native men. Laundry hanging in the background.
(additional formats: copy negative) 835.01.11c: "Sheppard House Ibanchj [Ibanche]"
William Sheppard standing, Lucy Sheppard seated on top step holding a baby; seven native children sitting with her.
House has a large porch, a hammock, and chairs. (additional formats: copy negative [two copies]) 835.01.12a: "Sierra Leone women." Eight women in native dress and hair styles. 835.01.12b: "Bakuba rugs hand made." (additional formats: copy negative) 835.01.13a: Railroad in the Congo. 16 native men with shovels, two white men on the
railroad car, and two native men in the engine. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.01.13b: Spirit house with totem in front. 835.01.14a: Sheppard with the chief of Ibanche (Lobe) and six native men.
(additional formats: copy negative [two copies]) 835.01.14b: "Swedish mission - Matadi." Houses and church along a river. 835.01.15a: "A Congo passenger train leaving [Leopoldville]: Dr. and Mrs. Sheppard were first passengers - from Matadi to [Leopoldville]."
Train beside a station with people around. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.01.15b: A large row boat on a river. Several native men, William M. and Bertha S. Morrison and child, and an unidentified white man aboard. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.01.16a: Sheppard in the church at Ibanche. View of the chancel area.
[Image is faded.] (additional formats: copy negative) 835.01.16b: "Children of the Pantops Home - 1902, Luebo." Maria Fearing and Lilian Thomas
in the back of a group of 30 native children. All of the girls are dressed in
western clothing; the boys are in native clothing. (additional formats: copy negative and .tif file) 2

835.01.17a: Two unidentified boats (one may be the first Lapsley). (additional formats: copy negative) 835.01.17b: Unidentified house. 835.01.17c: Unidentified native man. 835.01.17d: William M. and Bertha S. Morrison with toddler and native man. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.01.17e: "This form contains a corpse being borne to the grave yard, Lower Congo." 835.01.18a: Unidentified house with three white people in walkway. 835.01.18b: Unidentified white woman with eight small native children. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.01.18c: Two unidentified native males: boy and man. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.01.19a: Swedish mission. Three white people sitting beside a large building. 835.01.19b: "Lapsley Memorial" Ibanche church, 1903. Sheppard and other missionaries
outside church with native congregation. See also image 835.02.04e.
additional formats: copy negative [835.02.04e] and .tif file [835.02.04]) Large photograph album
Access is restricted for preservation reasons; please use reference photocopies in Box 7, Folder 2. 3

835.02.01a: "Missionaries of the A.P.C.M., Luebo and Ibanj [Ibanche]."
14 missionaries, one child. Seated: Annie Taylor, Lucy Sheppard, William Sheppard, Althea Edmiston holding a baby, Alonzo Edmiston,
William M. Morrison, Bertha S. Morrison. Standing: Lachlan C. Vass, [six unidentified people], William Scott. (additional formats: copy negative and .tif file) 835.02.01b: "Miss [Annie] Taylor, Mr. [William] Scott, Mrs. S. [Sheppard], Dr. S. [Sheppard]." (additional formats: copy negative) 835.02.01c: "Miss [Annie] Taylor," hoeing in a garden with a small native child with a large bunch of bananas. (additional formats: copy negative)
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835.02.01d: William and Lucy Sheppard with four native men. She is sitting in a
rickshaw-type chair. See also image 835.01.11a.(additional formats: copy negative [835.01.11a]) 835.02.01e: "Dr. and Mrs. Morrison." William M. and Bertha S. Morrison. She is holding a
bird on her arm. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.02.01f: "Sheppards' yard at Ibanj [Ibanche]." Photo taken from the front porch of the house.
(additional formats: copy negative) 835.02.01g: Gate to an unidentified house. 835.02.01h: View of the Sheppards' house from the road. (additional formats: .tif file) 835.02.01i: William and Lucy Sheppard sitting on the porch at home. 835.02.02a: "Outgoing missionaries in 1906: Dr. Momser, Mrs. Morrison, Mrs. Sheppard,
Miss Taylor, Dr. Coppedge, Mr. Rochester, Dr. Sheppard." Pictured: Llewellyn Coppedge,
Adolphus Rochester, William Sheppard, Annie Taylor. See also image 835.03.07. 835.02.02b: "Miss [Annie] Taylor and Mrs. [Bertha] Morrison" with two native children. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.02.02c: "Mrs. Sheppard and Dr. Sheppard." Sheppard is seated; his wife is standing
beside him. (additional formats: copy negative and .tif file) 835.02.02d: Group of missionaries. Seated: Maria Fearing, Lilian DeYampert;
Standing: William Sheppard, Lucy Sheppard, Lucius DeYampert. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.02.02e: "Members of different Missions at Kinchassa attending the Missionary Conference." (additional formats: copy negative and .tif file) 835.02.02f: "Dr. Mabie of the A.B.M.U." Woman seated at a table at dinner outside a hut. (additional formats: .tif file) 3

835.02.02g: "Boulevard at Leopoldville." A man leading a camel down a wide street lined by palm trees. (additional formats: .tif file) 835.02.03a: "A native hand loom" with woven grass. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.02.03b: "Miss [Annie] Taylor dressing an ulcer" on the leg of a native girl. Sitting on steps
of the Sheppard house with four native girls around. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.02.03c: "Mr. [Adolphus] Rochester dressing an ulcer" on the leg of a native man.
Outside a native hut, with three other native men around. Medical kit is visible beside Rochester. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.02.03d: "Natives grinding corn with mortar and pestle." Native man and woman. 835.02.03e: Unidentified house with two white people in front. Possibly another mission. (additional formats: .tif file) 835.02.03f: "Church at Leopoldville." 835.02.03g: Unidentified house, laundry to right. 835.02.03h: Unidentified house. (additional formats: .tif file) 835.02.04a: "Natives of Ibanj [Ibanche] gathered to give a salute of Welcome to Sheppard on his return from Leopoldville."
Large group of native men holding rifles, Sheppard in front holding a rifle and with a handgun in his belt. (additional formats: copy negative and .tif file) 835.02.04b: Natives giving Sheppard a salute with rifles. Sheppard holds his hand to his ear. (additional formats: copy negative and .tif file) 835.02.04c: Sheppard with the English consul, consul's valet in front of two tents.
See also image 835.03.17. (additional formats: copy negative and .tif file)
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835.02.04d: Sheppard with five native men sitting in the road by a house. (additional formats: copy negative and .tif file) 835.02.04e: "First real church at Ibanj [Ibanche]. Lapsley Memorial Church. Dr. Sheppard and Mrs. Sheppard sitting
at his right with their son, Maxamalinge." See also image 835.01.19b. (additional formats: copy negative and .tif file) 835.02.04f: Interior of Lapsley Memorial church, Ibanche. (additional formats: copy negative and .tif file) 835.02.05a: "Boa constrictor, out of which was cut a large goat."
Sheppard with two missionaries with rifles, and a large group of natives gathered around them. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.02.05b: "Large cat fish caught out of the Congo River by WHS."
Sheppard and two native men, with Lapsley II in background. (additional formats: copy negative and .tif file) 835.02.05c: Sheppard with native men (possibly chiefs) and leopard skins. (additional formats: copy negative and .tif file) 835.02.05d: Sheppard and two native men with camels. (additional formats: copy negative and .tif file) 835.02.05e: "Chief Njoka, one of Sheppard's principal witnesses at the trial at Leopoldville."
See also image 835.03.08. (additional formats: .tif file and negative 835-01N [34-35-36]) 835.02.05f: "Witnesses in the Morrison/Sheppard trial." 13 native men. (additional formats: copy negative and .tif file) 835.02.05g: "The officials of the Kassai Rubber Company and Sheppard entering the courthouse at Leopoldville." (additional formats: copy negative) 835.02.05h: Three native men. 835.02.06a: School at Luebo. Students outside with teachers. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.02.06b: Native couple. 3

835.02.06c: Two native children. 835.02.06d: "School just out." Children running away from posing for photo. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.02.06e: "Present printing office." (additional formats: copy negative and .tif file) 835.02.06f: "First printing office." (additional formats: copy negative) 835.02.06g: "Head printer." Native man with two children in western dress. 835.02.06h: "Printing press." Room with printing presses for the publications of the A.P.C.M. (additional formats: .tif file) 835.02.07a: Two native women with embossed abdomens. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.02.07b: Four native women with baskets on their heads. See also image 835.03.04. (additional formats: .tif file and negative 835-01 N [25-26-27]) 835.02.07c: Three native women and two native boys. 835.02.07d: "Baketti mothers." Four women with young children, two are nursing. 835.02.07e: Warrior with spear and shield. 835.02.07f: Sheppard at the grave of his first child. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.02.07g: "Congo palms." Two native girls underneath the tree. 835.02.07h: A small tree. 835.02.07i: Fence under construction. 835.02.07j: Native children playing. 835.02.08a: "Peanut patch" with children.
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835.02.08b: Children at work in the peanut patch. (additional formats: .tif file) 835.02.08c: "Kassai cow (goat)," with a small native girl, inside a fenced yard. 835.02.08d: Two native boys, one holding copies of Leslie's Weekly. (additional formats: copy negative and .tif file) 835.02.08e: William and Lucy Sheppard and Maxamalinge. (additional formats: copy negative and .tif file) 835.02.08f: "Sheppard's child Maxamalinge with Baluba girl and a Zappozap cannibal." (additional formats: copy negative) 835.02.08g: Maxamalinge Sheppard with a group of native children. (additional formats: copy negative and .tif file) 835.02.08h: "Mr. [Joseph] Phipps" with some native men and children. (additional formats: copy negative and .tif file) 835.02.09a: Maxamalinge Sheppard on the porch of the Sheppard house with a group of native children. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.02.09b: Maxamalinge Sheppard, in a big hat and wearing very big shoes, with a native girl behind him. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.02.09c: Lucy Sheppard pointing, with Maxamalinge Sheppard. (additional formats: negative 835-01N [1-2-3]) 835.02.09d: Maxamalinge Sheppard surrounded by a group of native children and teenagers. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.02.09e: Children of the Maria Carey Home, Ibanche. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.02.09f: "Christmas at the Pantops Home, Luebo," with Annie Taylor. (additional formats: negative 835-01N [31-32-33]) 835.02.09g: "Christmas 1909. Mrs. [Bertha] Morrison making children happy with 'Christmas gifts.'"
With a group of native boys all in western shirts and neckties. (additional formats: copy negative) 3

835.02.10a: "Lulua dancing. Traveling minstrels."
Sheppard pictured to left with musicians playing drums and xylophone-type instruments. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.02.10b: Two native children with baskets on their heads. Other children in the background. 835.02.10c: Native child wearing a hat. 835.02.10d: Native mother with baby. 835.02.10e: "Baluba dancing." Native men dancing. (additional formats: copy negative and .tif file) 835.02.10f: White female missionary, possibly Annie Taylor. 835.02.10g: William and Lucy Sheppard and Lilian Thomas DeYampert sitting on porch in rattan chairs. (additional formats: copy negative and .tif file) 835.02.10h: Native boy holding a small bow. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.02.10i: "At Ibanche." Rachel and William Scott, and Lucy and William Sheppard, standing on a bridge. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.02.11a: Lilian Thomas DeYampert, Lucy and William Sheppard, and another missionary (probably Lucius DeYampert) sitting on porch. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.02.11b: "Evangelist and wife." Native couple. 835.02.11c: "WHS entertaining the natives." William Sheppard playing the banjo. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.02.11d: "Dr. and Mrs. Reavis at Leopoldville." White man with two white women standing at the gate of a house in front of a road. 3

835.02.11e: Native men holding wide-blade knives. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.02.11f: William Sheppard with a group of native men and boys. He is leaning on a rifle. (additional formats: copy negative) 85.02.11g: "A Baluba woman with a [brass] ring on her neck, weighing 12 pounds." 835.02.12a: "Home of Mr. and Mrs. DeYampert." (additional formats: copy negative and .tif file) 835.02.12b: Maria Fearing, Lilian DeYampert, Lucy Sheppard, Lucius DeYampert sitting on side steps of the DeYampert porch. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.02.12c: Lilian Thomas DeYampert and Lucius A. DeYampert. (additional formats: copy negative and .tif file) 835.02 12d: "Missionaries taking recreation." Lucy Sheppard, Maria Fearing, Lilian DeYampert, and Lucius DeYampert playing croquet. (additional formats: negative 835-01N [4-5-6]) 835.02.12e: Forest views. Native boy in the forest. 835.02.12f: Lucy Sheppard by a log walkway over water. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.02.12g: Lucy Sheppard with native men making the walkway. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.02.12h: Native boys climbing a tree. 835.02.13a: Missionaries with native carrying a long pole. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.02.13b: "Natives washing clothes." (additional formats: copy negative) 835.02.13c: Missionaries on a picnic. Lucy Sheppard, William Sheppard, and an unidentified white woman. (additional formats: copy negative)

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835.02.13d: Native children leaving the school pavilion. 835.02.13e: Native adults and children lined up for the photo in a field. 835.02.13f: Children lined up in front of the school pavilion. 835.02.14a: Building under construction. 835.02.14b: Workers posing in front of building under construction. 835.02.14c: Building under construction. 835.02.14d: The Lapsley. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.02.14e: "Bakuba fisherman - net on sandbank - Kassai River." 835.02.14f: The Lapsley. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.02.14g: Native child, man and woman standing in canoe. 835.02.14h: Native man with ax, chopping. 835.02.14i: Natives at work around their homes, seen from above. 835.02.15a: The Lapsley underway. (additional formats: copy negative and .tif file) 835.02.15b: "Unloading the Lapsley at Luebo." (additional formats: copy negative) 835.02.15c: Thatched roof building. 835.02.15d: Sheppard and white missionary with natives working on metal hull of boat. 835.02.15e: "Coast natives." (additional formats: copy negative) 835.02.15f: The Lapsley on river (possibly stuck on sandbar). (additional formats: copy negative) 3

835.02.15g: River. 835.02.15h: River. 835.02.15i: Person shooting a rifle. 835.02.16a: The Lapsley II in dry dock in the Congo. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.02.16b: Native men on the shore of the river. 835.02.16c: Group of native men and boys looking at something. 835.02.16d: "Bakuba fishermen." 835.02.16e: "Beating out rubber." Native woman and man with sticks. (additional formats: copy negative and .tif file) 835.02.16f: Two native men, one wearing a feathered head piece. (additional formats: .tif file) 835.02.16g: "Warriors of Lukenga." 835.02.16h: "William Morrison and WHS [Sheppard] rejoicing with the natives over the killing of a buffalo."
See also image 835.03.13. (additional formats: copy negative and .tif file) 835.02.17a: "Mr. [William] Scott - Mr. [Lachlan C.] Vass." (additional formats: copy negative) 835.02.17b: Lucy Sheppard with two native boys, native assistant, and laundry. 835.02.17c: "Miss [Annie] Taylor." (additional formats: copy negative) 835.02.17d: Home of Llewellyn Coppedge and John Pritchard. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.02.17e: "Saturday afternoon mending - Pantops Home [Luebo]." (additional formats: copy negative) 835.02.17f: "Mrs. [Bessie] Martin" with native girl and a bird. (additional formats: copy negative)
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835.02.17g: Home of James and Grace Sieg. 835.02.18a: "Off for a picnic - lbanj [Ibanche]." Sheppard and Luther Maxwell Brass Band. (additional formats: copy negative and negative 835-01N [13-14-15]) 835.02.18b: "Purgalo [pergola] in Sheppard's yard." (additional formats: copy negative) 835.02.18c: Two native girls with dogs. 835.02.18d: William Sheppard, Lucy Sheppard, and others in yard. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.02.18e: A wide street in a village. 835.02.18f: "Rapid transit in Congo hammock." Lucy Sheppard and Annie Taylor
standing beside hammocks and native carriers. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.02.18g: White male missionary in a hammock with native carriers. (additional formats: copy negative; copy negative of detail) 835.02.18h: "British consul general with WHS [Sheppard]," Lucy Sheppard and native people. (additional formats: copy negative and .tif file) 835.02.18i: Missionaries with native children. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.02.19a: "Rescued by WHS [Sheppard] from the cannibals."
Native woman with chain around her neck. (additional formats: copy negative and .tif file) 835.02.19b: Two missionaries with native men and women. (additional formats: copy negative and .tif file) 835.02.19c: "A [female] Baluba slave." 835.02.19d: "Water carriers." 835.02.20a: "Palm trees at Lukengas." 3

835.02.20b: Two native girls in western dress. 835.02.20c: "Christian natives." Man and woman. 835.02.20d: Two native boys outside a house. 835.02.20e: "Ant hill." Two native girls. 835.02.20f: Native girls outside Pantops Home, Luebo. 835.02.21a: "Making palm oil from palm nuts." (additional formats: copy negative) 835.02.21b: "WHS [Sheppard] Congo dentist." See also image 835.03.11. (additional formats: copy negative and .tif file) 835.02.21c: "WHS [Sheppard] among the native with a young boa he has just killed."
[snake appears to be a python]. See also image 835.03.12. (additional formats: copy negative and .tif file) 835.02.21d: Native man with a drum. 835.02.21e: The Lapsley docked. (additional formats: copy negative and 5" x 7" glass negative) 835.02.21f: Sheppard with native boys. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.02.21g: White missionaries in a rickshaw with native boys. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.02.21h: William Sheppard, Lucy Sheppard, and Maria Fearing on top deck of the Lapsley with native girls. On lower deck are native men and nets. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.02.22a: Maria Fearing standing next to a rocking chair on the porch of the Pantops
Home, Luebo. Lilian Thomas is in background at a sewing machine. (additional formats: copy negative, negative 835-01N [9-10-11], and 5" x 7" glass negative) 835.02.22b: Two native girls standing under an enormous palm tree. 835.02.22c: Girls of the Pantops Home, Luebo, with Maria Fearing in background. (additional formats: copy negative) 3

835.02.22d: A Bakuba house under construction. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.02.22e: "A Makuba [Bakuba?]." Native man. (additional formats: .tif file) 835.02.22f: A row of native houses. 835.02.23a: Native men stand with a large felled tree. 835.02.23b: Native men chopping wood on the beach. 835.02.23c: Native men with a dead leopard hanging on a pole, standing in front of the Samuel N. Lapsley. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.02.23d: "WHS [Sheppard] with some Baketti warriors." (additional formats: copy negative and negative 835-01N [13-14-15]) Loose photographs
Access is restricted for preservation reasons; please use reference photocopies in Box 7, Folder 3.

4

835.03.01: Girls of the Pantops Home, Luebo. Five older girls in western dresses. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.03.02: Girls of the Pantops Home, Luebo. Thirteen girls in western dresses. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.03.03: Sheppard with banjo, singing to native children. (additional formats: negative 835-01N [28-29-30]) 835.03.04: Four women with baskets on heads. See also image 835.02.07b. (additional formats: .tif file [835.02.07b] and negative 835-01N [25-26-27]) 835.03.05: William and Lucy Sheppard, Althea Edmiston, Joseph E. Phipps, and
Maxamalinge Sheppard sitting in grass. (additional formats: negative 835-01N [22-23-24]) 835.03.06: William and Lucy Sheppard sitting on the porch. (additional formats: negative 835-01N [19-20-21]) 4

835.03.07: "Outgoing missionaries in 1906: Dr. Momser, Mrs. Morrison, Mrs. Sheppard, Miss Taylor,
Dr. Coppedge, Mr. Rochester, Dr. Sheppard." Pictured: Llewellyn Coppedge, Adolphus Rochester, William Sheppard, Annie Taylor.
See also image 835.02.02a. 835.03.08: Chief Njoka of the Kassai, one of Sheppard's witnesses during the rubber libel case. See also image 835.02.05e. (additional formats: .tif file [835.02.05e] and negative 835-01N [34-35-36]) 835.03.09: Sheppard and "the Luther Maxwell Brass Band - Ibanche." (additional formats: copy negative) 835.03.10: "Bakuba House, Congo, Africa Merry Christmas, Happy New Year"
(signed) William and Lucy Sheppard. 835.03.11: "WHS practicing in Central Africa what he learned under Dr. S.H. Henkel."
Sheppard extracting a tooth. See also image 835.02.21b. (additional formats: copy negative and .tif file [835.02.21b]) 835.03.12: "WHS [Sheppard] coming in with a young (dead) boa constrictor" [snake appears to be a python].
Group of natives sitting in background. See also image 835.02.21c. (additional formats: copy negative and .tif file [835.02.21c]) 835.03.13: "WM Morrison and WHS [Sheppard] rejoicing with the natives over the killing of a buffalo."
See also image 835.02.16h. (additional formats: copy negative and .tif file [835.02.16h]) 835.03.14: Group of missionaries: William M. Morrison, Lachlan C. Vass, Joseph E. Phipps, William Sheppard, and Henry Hawkins. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.02.15: Sheppard entering the courthouse at Leopoldville, Sept. 20, 1909, with Mrs. William Campbell,
Mr. McKenzie, Mr. Kirk (American Vice Consul), and Mr. Armstrong (British Vice Consul). (additional formats: copy negative) 835.03.16: "Trial of WHS and WMM, Sept. 20, 1909 at Leopoldville, shown entering the courthouse for afternoon session."
Mr. Kirk (American Vice Consul), Mr. Armstrong (British Vice Consul), Mr. Handley (American Consul General), Sheppard, William M. Morrison, Mr. McKenzie,
and George (native man who worked for British consulate). (additional formats: copy negative)
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835.03.17: Sheppard with English consul, consul's valet. See also image 835.02.04c. (Additional formats: copy negative [835.02.04c] and .tif file [835.02.04c]) 835.03.18a: Sheppard with a dead snake, native children standing in background, and dogs to the right. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.03.19: Native man and woman by cornstalks with wooden mortar. 835.03.20a: Sheppard with two native men and camels. Two prints of photo. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.03.20b: Five native women with a young girl and a baby. 835G.03.21: Sheppard with Chief Maxamalinge, son of Lukenga, King of the Bakuba. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.03.22: Sheppard shooting a rifle with native men looking on; leopard skins drying; tent set up to right. 835.03.23: View of the Congo River at Matadi. Underhill and the Swedish Mission station site are marked. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.03.24: Kalamba, the great Chief of the Lulua tribe. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.03.25: Annie Taylor, Lucy and William Sheppard, with a dead snake. 835.03.26a: Part of the native crew of the Lapsley. 835.03.26b: "WHS after an antelope hunt." Sheppard holding a dead antelope, two native men holding spears, and leopard skin drying on a palm tree in background. 835.03.27a: "House of King Lukenga." Sheppard and woman on porch. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.03.27b: Sheppard with a group of native boys, who are wearing western clothing. 4

835.03.28: Congo artifacts brought back by Sheppard and others. (additional formats: copy negative) 835.03.29: Sheppard somewhere in Europe, with a group of white boys, in front of a building with large columns. 835.03.30: Sheppard somewhere in Europe, with a group of men and women, in front
of a Tudor-style house with a garden. 835.03.31: Sheppard as a young man. Inscribed, "Your humble servant, Wm. H. Sheppard, F.R.G.S."
On reverse inscribed in ink "Mrs. S.H. Henkel, from William." 835.03.32: Sheppard with his mother. Glass negatives
Access is restricted for preservation reasons; please use reference digital reproductions in Box 7, Folder 4. 5

835.04.01: Native with a knife. (glass is broken) 835.04.02: Maria Fearing and Adolphus and Annie Taylor Rochester. 835.04.03: Maria Fearing standing next to a rocking chair on the porch of the Pantops Home, Luebo.
Lilian Thomas is in background at a sewing machine. See also image 835.02.22a. 835.04.04: The Lapsley docked. See also image 835.02.21e.

6 Unidentified page proofs (rolled) with images of people and artifacts, undated [restricted for preservation reasons] 7 1 Reference photocopies of images from small album in Box 2 2 Reference photocopies of images from large album in Box 3 3 Reference photocopies of loose images in Box 4 4 Reference digital reproductions of glass negatives in Box 5 5 Reference digital reproductions of nitrate negatives in Box 8
Nitrate negatives
Access is restricted; please use reference digital reproductions in Box 7, Folder 5. Box 8, Folder 1.

835.05.01: Palm trees. 835.05.02: Two men and a child. 835.05.03: Boats on river bank. 835.05.04: Native men in boats. 835.05.05: Native men carrying baskets on pole. 835.05.06: Luxembourg (steamboat). 835.05.07: Steamboat (probably the Luxembourg). 835.05.08: Lapsley in drydock. 835.05.09: Lapsley in drydock. 835.05.10: Lapsley in drydock. 835.05.11: Group of people in a village. 835.05.12: Native men and missionaries in boats. 835.05.13: Native men and missionaries in boats. 835.05.14: People on a river bank. 835.05.15: Building on a hillside. 835.05.16: Interior of church. 835.05.17: Palm trees and village buildings. 835.05.18: Village buildings.