United Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A. Commission on Ecumenical Mission and Relations.
Secretaries' files: Thailand Mission, 1865-1973 (bulk: 1921-1972)
Finding Aid to Record Group 84
18.00 cu.ft.

Presbyterian Historical Society
425 Lombard St.
Philadelphia, PA 19147-1516

ADMINISTRATIVE HISTORY

Presbyterian interests in Siam began in 1838 when the Reverend R.W. Orr from China visited Bangkok and strongly urged the opening of a mission there. In 1840, the Board of Foreign Missions appointed the Reverend and Mrs. W.P. Buell to Siam. They labored in Bangkok until 1843, whereupon Mrs. Buell's ill health mandated their return to the US. The mission remained vacant until the arrival of the Reverend and Mrs. Stephen Mattoon and Dr. and Mrs. Samuel House in 1847. Though the first Presbyterian Church in Siam was established in 1849, it took another ten years before the first Siamese convert was made. Government opposition to the missionaries characterized the first several years of the mission's existence. Most of this initial opposition had ceased by the mid 1850s. Following this period of initial opposition a station was established in the provincial capital of Petchaburi in 1860. In 1867, another station was opened in Chiengmai, 600 miles northwest of Bangkok. After the King of Siam issued a "Proclamation of Religious Liberty" in 1878, persecution of all foreign missionaries ceased and a period of rapid religious expansion commenced. Stations were opened at Lakawn (Lampang) in 1885, Rajaburi in 1889, Lampoon in 1891, Prae in 1893, Nan in 1894, Chiengrai in 1897, Pitsanuloke in 1899 and Sitamarat in 1900. In 1903, Kentung was established in the Shan States north of Siam. The station at Trang was opened in 1910. In 1917, Chiengrung was established; it was later incorporated with the Yunnan Mission in China.

Prior to 1922 there were two Presbyterian Missions in Siam. The North Siam Mission, often referred to as the North Laos Mission, centered around Chiangmai and became the springboard for missions that were later established in Lampang, Lampun, Chiangrai, Prae, Nan, Kentung and Chiengrung. Since it was not possible to travel between Chiangmai and Bangkok except during one season each year, the northern stations tended to work as a separate group. The South Siam Mission encompassed the stations of Pitsanuloke, Petchaburi, Rajaburi, Sitamarat and Trang. These stations became closely associated with Bangkok through personnel exchanges and through students from the provinces who attended Bangkok Christian College and Wattana Wittaya Academy. The isolation of the northern stations ended in 1922 when the railroad line reached Chiangmai, enabling the North Siam (North Laos) Mission to merge with the South Siam Mission. Thereafter the two missions were referred to as the Siam (later Thailand) Mission.

In 1932, the presbyteries of North and South Siam were released from the Synod of New York in order that they might form a national church. In 1934, the first General Assembly of the new church met in Bangkok and adopted a constitution. The name "The Church of Christ in Siam" was chosen with the hope that all Protestant bodies would become members of this autonomous national church. However, only members of the Presbyterian and American Baptist (Chinese) churches did so. Since the end of World War II, the Church of Christ in Siam has worked closely with the Presbyterian Board to continue the Church's ministry in Thailand.
The nature of the Presbyterian Church's ministry in Siam has been primarily evangelistic, educational and medical. The period of rapid religious expansion that began in the closing decades of the 19th century continued into the 20th century. Educational facilities such as Bangkok Christian College, the Harriet House school, the Wattana Wittaya Academy, the Dara Academy and the McGilvary Theological Seminary were established as part of the Church's ministry. The establishment of dispensaries and hospitals such as the McCormick Hospital and the leper asylums in Chiangmai and Seitamarat likewise accompanied the opening of every mission station.

SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE

Record Group 84 documents the history of the Presbyterian Church's ministry in Siam from 1865-1973, with the bulk of the records dating from 1921-22 (the year of the merger of the North and South Siam Missions) onwards. The records include minutes, annual station reports, correspondence, cables, Board letters, personal reports (including the annual missionary reports), statistical summaries (submitted annually for each station and each institution within the station), and property-related correspondence.

The collection is arranged as follows:

SERIES 1: NORTH SIAM (NORTH LAOS) MISSION,
1865-1920 Boxes 1-2

SERIES 2: SOUTH SIAM MISSION, 1911-1922 Box 3

SERIES 3: SIAM (THAILAND) MISSION, 1921-1973 Boxes 4-18

NOTES TO THE RESEARCHER

Missionary correspondence and missionaries' personal reports within this collection are arranged alphabetically by missionary's name, and all other materials, with the exception of the calendared correspondence, are arranged chronologically. The calendared correspondence was numbered by the BFM in no apparent order and no attempt was made to impose one.

The researcher will note that the numbering of folders in this collection begins again with each subseries rather than with each box. Therefore, to retrieve materials from this collection, the researcher must include the title of the subseries (i.e. Minutes) as well as the box and folder numbers on the call slip.

Researchers should consult the calendars of the BFM Correspondence collection on microfilm. A microfilm collection covering Siam mission work from 1840-1910 is available, although the quality is poor. For personal paper collections of Siam missionaries, researchers should consult A Guide to Foreign Missionary Manuscripts in the PHS by Frederick J. Heuser, Jr., and the card
catalogue.

Knowledge of the numbering system used by the BFM may be useful to the researcher. The
number 23 was assigned to the North Siam (North Laos) Mission and the number 24 for the South Siam Mission. When the two missions merged, the number 24 was used for the Siam Mission. A hyphen followed the mission number. A second number was used to designate the type of material, as follows:

1 Minutes (catalogued in the PHS library)
2 Annual station reports
3 Correspondence with nationals and non-missionaries
4 Cables
5 Board letters
7 Correspondence with Board Secretary, also referred to as executive correspondence
8 Personal reports, including missionaries' annual reports
9 Statistical summaries, submitted annually for each station and each institution within the station
10 Correspondence regarding property and appropriations
11 Missionary correspondence

The country of Thailand has undergone several name changes since 1936. Prior to that year, the name Siam was used. From 1936-1946, the name Thailand was used in lieu of it. The word "thai" roughly translated from the native language means "free." The people have always referred to themselves as "Thai" and to their country as "Pratate Thai," i.e. "Thailand." The word "Siam" is European and it is presumed that the 1936 change was an expression of Thai nationalism. In 1946, apparently for pragmatic, bureaucratic considerations, the name again became Siam. Three years later, the name Thailand was officially adopted.

Box	Folder	Description
1	1	Finding Aid to Record Group 84

		SERIES 1: NORTH SIAM (NORTH LAOS) MISSION, 1865-1920

		Subseries 1: Minutes, 1892-1920

	2	1892
	3	1911
	4	1912
	5	1913
	6	1914
	7	1915
	8	1916
	9	1917
	10	1918
	11	1919
	12	1920

		Subseries 2:  Station Reports, 1876-1920	

1	1	1876-1886; 1901
	2	1900-1901
	3	1901
	4	1911
	5	1912
	6	1913
	7	1914
	8	1915
	9	1916
	10	1917
	11	1918
	12	1919
	13	1920

		Subseries 3:  Personal Reports, 1896-1920

1	1	1896-1898
	2	1901
	3	1911
	4	1912
	5	1913
	6	1914
	7	1915
	8	1916
	9	1917
	10	1918
	11	1919
	12	1920

		Subseries 4:  Calendared Correspondence, 1911-20

1	1	1911-1920
	2	1911
	3	1912
	4	1913
	5	1914
	6	1915
	7	1916
	8	1917
	9	1918
	10	1919
	11	1920


		Subseries 5:  Statistical Summaries, 1894; 1911-20

2	1	1894
	2	1911
	3	1912
	4	1913
	5	1914
	6	1915
	7	1916
	8	1917
	9	1918
	10	1919
	11	1920

		 Subseries 6:  Board Letters, 1915-1917

2	1	1915
	2	1916
	3	1917

		Subseries 7:  Correspondence, 1865-1923

2	1	1865-73
	2	1886
	3	1892
	4	1893-1894
	5	1899-1900
	6	Missionary correspondence, 1899-1901
	7	Miscellaneous correspondence, 1912
	8	Miscellaneous correspondence, 1913
	9	1915
	10	1916
	11	Miscellaneous correspondence, 1917
	12	Miscellaneous calendared correspondence, 1882-1923
 	13	Correspondence, n.d.
	14	Executive Committee correspondence, 1898
	15	Executive Committee correspondence, 1900-01
	16	Executive Committee correspondence, 1911

		Subseries 8:  Reports, 1913; 1916

2	1	Report to Board regarding Yunnan Mission, 1913
	2	Report regarding evangelization of Siam, 1916
	3	Report, miscellaneous, n.d.

		SERIES 2:  SOUTH SIAM MISSION, 1911-1920

		Subseries 1:  Minutes, 1911-1920

3	1	1911
	2	1912
	3	1913
	4	1914
	5	1915
	6	1916
	7	1917
	8	1918
	9	1919
	10	1920
	
		Subseries 2:  Station Reports, 1911-1920

3	1	1911
	2	1912
	3	1913
	4	1914
	5	1915
	6	1916
	7	1917
	8	1918
	9	1919
	10	1920
	
		Subseries 3:  Personal Reports 1911-1920

3	1	1911
	2	1912
	3	1913
	4	1914
	5	1915
	6	1916
	7	1917
	8	1918
 	9	1920

		Subseries 4:  Calendared Correspondence, 1911-1920

3	1    1911-1920
	2	1911
	3	1912
	4	1913
	5	1914
	6	1915
	7	1916
	8	1917
	9	1918
	10	1919
	11	1920

		Subseries 5:  Statistical Summaries, 1911-1919

3	2	1912
	3	1913
	4	1914
	5	1915
	6	1916
	7	1917
	8	1918
	9	1919

		Subseries 6:  Board Letters, 1918-1920

3	1	1918
	1	1918
	2	1919
	3	1920

		Subseries 7:  Miscellaneous 1915-1922

3	1	Report regarding mission work in Siam, 1915
	2	Correspondence, miscellaneous, 1913
	3	Correspondence, miscellaneous, 1917-22
	4	Correspondence with non-missionaries, 1919
	5	Missionary correspondence, 1919
	6	Cables/clippings, 1918

		SERIES 3:  SIAM (THAILAND) MISSION, 1921-1973

		Subseries 1:  Personal Reports, 1921-1969

4	1	1921
	2	1922
 	3	1923
	4	1924
	5	1925
	6	1926
	7	1927
	8	1928
	9	1929
	10	1930
	11	1931
	12	1932
	13	1933
	14	1934
	15	1935
	16	1936
	17	1937
	18	1938
	19	1939
	20	1940
	21	1946
   	22-23	1958
	24	1960
	25	1962
	26	1964
	27	1965
	28	1966
	29	1968
	30	1969

		Subseries 2:  Station/Institutional Reports, 1921-1942

4	1	1921

5	2	1922
	3	1923
	4	1924
	5	1925
	6	1926
	7	1927
	8	1928
	9	1929
	10	1930
	11	1931
	12	1932
	13	1933
	14	1934
	15	1935
	16	1936
	17	1937
	18	1938
	19	1939
	20	1940
	21	1941
	22	1942

		Subseries 3:  General Reports, 1954-1970

5	1	1954
	2	1956
    	3-4	1958
	5	1960
	6	1961
	7	1962
	8	1963
	9	1964
	10	1965
	11	1966
	12	1968
	13	1969
	14	1970

		Subseries 4:  Miscellaneous Reports, 1930-1933

5	1	1930
	2	1931
	3	1933

		Subseries 5:  Minutes, 1921-1968

6	1	1921
	2	1922
	3	1923
	4	1924
	5	1925
	6	1926
	7	1927
	8	1928
	9	1929
	10	1930
	11	1931
	12	1932
	13	1933
	14	1934
	15	1935
	16	1936
	17	1937
	18	1938
	19	1939
	20	1940
	21	1941
	22	1942
	23	1943
	24	1946
   	25-26	1947
	27	1948
	28	1949
	29	1950
	30	1951
	31	1952
	32	1953
	33	1954
   	34-35	1955
	36	1956
	37	1957
	38	1958
	39	1959
	40	1960
	41	1961
	42	1962
	43	1963
	44	1964
	46	1967
	47	1968

		Subseries 6:  Cables 1927-1955

6	1	1927
	2	1928
	3	1929
	4	1930
	5	1931
	6	1932
	7	1933
	8	1935
	9	1937
	10	1938
	11	1939
	12	1940
	13	1947
	14	1948
	15	1949
	16	1950
	17	1951
	18	1952
	19	1953
	20	1954
	21	1954
	22	1955
		Subseries 7:  Board Letters, 1921-1948

7	1	1921
	2	1922
	3	1923
	4	1924
	5	1925
	6	1926
	7	1927
	8	1928
	9	1929
	10	1930
	11	1931
	12	1931
	13	1932
	14	1933
	15	1934
	16	1935
	17	1936
	18	1937
	19	1938
	20	1939
	21	1940
	22	1941
	23	1941-1944
	24	1942
	25	1945
	26	1946
	27	1947
	28	1948

		Subseries 8:  Statistical Summaries 1921-1934
	
7	1	1921
	2	1922
	3	1923
	4	1924
	5	1925
	6	1926
	7	1927
	8	1928
	9	1929
	10	1930
	11	1931
	12	1932
	13	1933
	14	1934
		Subseries 9:  Station Correspondence, 1897-1947

8	1	Bangkok--Boon Itt Memorial, miscellaneous items, 1903-38
	2			Boon Itt Memorial, Correspondence, 1908-40
	3			Bangkok Christian College, calendared correspondence, 1923-41
	4			Bangkok Christian College, correspondence, 1927-47
	5	Bangkok--Bangkok Christian College, minutes, reports, miscellaneous items, 1930-47
	6			Chinese Institutional Church, minutes, correspondence,  1930-47
	7			Dunlap Memorial Chapel, correspondence, 1919-39
	8			Maternity Home, minutes, correspondence, reports, 1922-42
	9			Wattana Wittaya Academy, minutes, correspondence, 1938-47
	10	Chiengmai--Prince Royal's Academy, minutes, reports, miscellaneous items, 1907-41
	11			Prince Royal's Academy, correspondence, 1919-47
	12			Dara Wittaya Academy, minutes, correspondence,
				miscellaneous items, 1914-47
	13			Dara Wittaya Academy, calendared correspondence,  1914-47
	14			Hospital correspondence, 1913-25
	15			Hospital correspondence, 1926-47
	16			Hospital correspondence, 1914-22
	17			McGilvary Theological Seminary, reports, correspondence, 1915-43
	18	Chiengrai--Calendared hospital correspondence, 1926-43
	19			Overbrook Hospital, reports, correspondence, 1914-46
	20	Lampang--Correspondence, 1921-24
	21			Van Hospital, minutes, reports, correspondence, 1923-41
	22	Kentung--Miscellaneous items regarding Dr.  Dodd's visit, n.d.
	23			Correspondence regarding conflict with American
				Baptist Foreign Missionary Society, 1897-11
	24			Correspondence regarding conflict with ABFMS, 1899-1907
	25			Correspondence regarding conflict with ABFMS, 1909-11
	26			Correspondence regarding conflict with ABFMS, 1911-12
	27			Correspondence regarding conference on status of
				Kengtung Station, 1912-13
	28			Correspondence regarding conflict with ABFMS, 1903-18
	29			Missionary correspondence (Dodd/Cornell), 1904-12
	30	Kentung--Reports, statements, commission findings regarding
				Dr. Dodd's tour, 1907 (Folder #l)
	31			Dr. Dodd's tour, 1907 (Folder #2)
	32			Reports, minutes, cables, Board letters regarding
				conflict with ABFMS, 1911-13
 		Subseries 10:  Calendared Correspondence, 1921-1925

9	 1	1921
	 2	1921-1925
	 3	1922
	 4	1923
	 5	1924
	 6	1925
	
		Subseries 11:  Missionary Correspondence, 1882-1965

9	1	Peoples, Sarah W, calendared correspondence, 1882-1906
	2	Peoples, S.W, 1907-1923 
	3	McMullin, A.B, correspondence 1915-1921
	4	Millikin, B. Carter, correspondence, 1923-1924
	5	Spillman, E.M, correspondence, 1917-1918
	6	1921
	7	Synder, Frank L., correspondence, 1912-1914
	8	1923-24
	9	1925
   	10-12	1926
   	13-15	1927

10  	1-4	1928
    	5-8	1929
    	9-11	1930
   	12-14	1931
   	15-17	1932

11  	1-3	1933
    	4-5	1934
    	6-7	1935
    	8-10	1936
   	11-12	1937
   	13-14	1938
	15	1939
	16	1940

12	1	1941
	2	1942
	3	1943
	4	1944
	5	1946
    	6-7	1947
	8	1948
	9	1949
	10	1950
	11	1951
	12	1952
   	13-14	1953
   	15-16	1954
   	17-18	1955
	19	1956
	20	1957
	21	1958
	22	1960
	23	1961
	24	1963
	25	1964
	26	1965

		Subseries 12:  Executive Correspondence, 1926-1972

13	1	1926
	2	1927
	3	1928
	4	1929
	5	1930
	6	1931
	7	1932
	8	1932-33
	9	1934
	10	1935
	11	1936
	12	1937
	13	1938
	14	1939
	15	1940
	16	1941
	17	1943
	18	1946
   	19-20	1947
	21	1948
	22	1949
	23	1950
	24	1958
   	25-27	1959
   	28 32	1960
   	33-36	1961
   	37-40	1962

14  	1-4	1963
    	5-6	1964
	7	1965
	8	1968
	9	1969
   	10-11	1970
	12	1972

		Subseries 13:  Correspondence--Field Administration, 1947-1957

15	1	1947
    	2-3	1948
    	4-5	1949
    	6-7	1950
    	8-9	1951
    	10-11	1952
   	12-13	1954
   	14-16	1955
	17-19	1956
	20	1957


		Subseries 14:  Correspondence--Institutions and Property, 1914-1972

16	1	Calendared correspondence, 1914-1947
	2	1932
	3	1938
	4	1939
	5	1940
	6	1948
	7	1949
	8	1951
	9	1951-52
	10	1952-54
	11	1954
	12	1955
   	13-14	1956
	15	1958
	16	1959
   	17-18	1960
   	19-20	1961
   	21-22	1962
   	23-24	1963
	25	1964
	26	1966
	27	1967
	28	1968
	29	1969
	30	1970
	31	1971
	
		Subseries 15:  Estimates and Appropriations, 1938-1969

16	1	1938
	2	1941
	3	1952
	4	1953-54
	5	1955
	6	1956
	7	1957
	8	1959
	9	1960
	10	1961
	11	1962
 	12	1963
	13	1964
	14	1969

		Subseries 16:  General Correspondence, 1928-1972

17	1	1928
	2	1948
	3	1949
	4	1951
	5	1952
	6	1953
	7	1955
	8	1958
	9	1959
	10	1960
	11	1962
	12	1963
	13	1964
	14	1965
	15	1966
	16	1972
	
		Subseries 17:  Correspondence--Non-Missionaries, 1926-1939

17	1	1926
	2	1927
	3	1928
	4	1930
	5	1931
	6	1932
	7	1933
	8	1935
	9	1936
	10	1938
	11	1939

		Subseries 18:  Correspondence--South Asia Office, 1965-1968
	
17	1	1965
	2	1966
    	3-4	1967
	5	1968

		Subseries 19:  Miscellaneous Correspondence/Items, 1920-1969

17	1	Union of North and South Siam Mission, 1920
	2	Union of North and South Siam Mission, 1921
	3	Correspondence, 1932
	4	Correspondence, personal, 1940
	5	Correspondence, 1950
	6	Correspondence regarding churches, 1955
	7	Correspondence, mission treasurer, 1959
	8	Correspondence, mission treasurer, 1958
	9	Correspondence regarding Church of Christ in Thailand, 1957
   	10-11	Correspondence regarding Church of Christ in Thailand, 1961-62
	12	Correspondence regarding Church of Christ in Thailand, 1964
	13	List, Church of Christ in Thailand, 1969
	14	Miscellaneous clippings, 1931
	15	Miscellaneous items, 1941
	16	Miscellaneous items, 1947
	17	Five Year Program, 1956

		Subseries 20:  Historical Resource Data File, 1900-1965

17    1-4    	1900-65

		Subseries 21:  Miscellaneous Items, A-Z 1898-1948

18	1	American Baptist Missionary Union--Correspondence, 1898-1910
	3	American Bible Society of Siam, correspondence, reports, 1920-37
	4	Church of Christ in Siam, correspondence, reports, minutes, 1923-47
 
	5  	Crown Prince of Siam's visit to US, correspondence, 1902
	6	HRH Prince Damrong--correspondence with mission officials, 1912-37
	7	Judson Centennial Celebration, correspondence, 1913-14
	8	Correspondence, miscellaneous, 1913-23
	9	Mission work in French Indo-China, correspondence, 1897-1917
	10	National Christian Council, correspondence, minutes, reports, 1930-41
	11	Siam Conference, planning items, agendas, findings, 1933
	12	Siam Conference, minutes, reports, agendas, correspondence, 1938-40
	13	Siam Extension Fund, 1916-20
	14	Siamese Legation to US, correspondence, 1918-40
	15	Siamese Treaty, correspondence regarding negotiations, 1912-15
	16	Siamese Treaty, correspondence regarding negotiations, 1916-22
	17	Sunday School correspondence, 1914-15
	18	Thailand Consultative Conference, agendas, reports, 1944
	19	Yankee Thai--Publication Correspondence, 1947-48
	20	Clippings, 1913-27